. Differentiate key lifespan concepts and theories within diverse cultures. 2. Demonstrate knowledge of the scientific method, research designs, and typical lifespan studies. 3. Explain the nature x nature interaction, including single and multiple gene effects, range of genotypic and phenotypic interaction, and niche phenotypes. 4. Illustrate differences among physical, psychological, and social frames of development. 5. Identify the primary tools the infant has for exploring the world. 6. Demonstrate knowledge of Piaget’s four periods of cognitive development by providing specific examples in each period. 7. Illustrate the similarities between human and machine information processing hardware and software. 8. Differentiate among primary aspects of socio-emotional development: trust/mistrust, emotions, gender roles/identity. 9. Demonstrate the general physical and cognitive development of school-age children, including aptitudes, academic skills, and special children. 10. Demonstrate the general physical and cognitive development of middle childhood, including family relationships, peer relationships, and stereotypes. 11. Illustrate physical, psychological, and social issues related to rites of passage, including pubertal changes, health, cognition, and moral reasoning. 12. Demonstrate socio-emotional development issues in adolescence, including identity/self esteem, romantic relationships, work, and dependency of drugs, depression, and delinquency. 13. Explain the major physical, cognitive, and personality development issues of becoming an adult, including transitions to adulthood, lifestyle factors, adult intelligence, and personal control beliefs. 14. Compare relationships in young and middle adulthood, including friendships, love, violence, singlehood, family life cycle, and divorce/remarriage. 15. Give examples of major occupational and lifestyle issues in young and middle adulthood, including occupational selection, discrimination, occupational transitions, work and family, and leisure activities. 16. Differentiate the unique challenges of middle adulthood, including physical changes and health, intelligence, five-factor personality model, and the sandwich generation. 17. Summarize the major issues of later life, including demographics, third/fourth age of life, physical/psychological/social deterioration and intervention strategies. 18. Summarize the primary theories of aging and compare the major social issues associated with aging. 19. Differentiate among the definitions of death, ethical issues associated with dying and death, grief processes and coping strategies, and bereavement experiences throughout the lifespan.